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Independence Day is celebrated in India every year on 15th August. This year India is celebrating 76th Independence Day with Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav. On this day in the year 1947, we got freedom from the barbaric rule of the British. On this day the Prime Minister hoists the tricolor flag at the Red Fort in Delhi. The President issued the address to the nation. Many programs are organized on this day in schools, colleges, streets, localities all over the country. Where children and elders take part in programs like patriotic songs, drama, art etc. with the immortal impression of their freedom fighters in their hearts.

From 1857 to 1947, history witnessed many rebellions and sacrifices of our great leaders and freedom fighters.

Mahatma Gandhi

 From 1857 to 1947, history has witnessed many rebellions and sacrifices of our great leaders and freedom fighters. Born on 2nd October 1869, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is revered as Father of the Nation for his immense sacrifices for India. Popularly called Bapu, Gandhi introduced the doctrine of non-violence in India. According to him, independence was to be achieved through a combination of non-violent movement and non-co-operation with the British. The historic Non-Cooperation movement, Dandi March and the Quit India movement were all started under his leadership.

  • Born: 2 October 1869, Porbandar
  • Full name: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
  • Assassinated: 30 January 1948, New Delhi
  • Famously Known As Bapu

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Vallabhbhai Patel was born on 31st October 1875. A senior leader of the Indian National Congress, he had an immense contribution to the Indian freedom struggle as one of the most influential and strong-minded Indian freedom fighters. He was one of the most influential leaders of Gujarat, who organized peasant movements against the British based on Gandhi’s ideals of non-violence. One of the first congress leaders to have accepted the British plan of partition for India, he is remembered for his role in integrating the princely states into the dominion of India. His efforts led to the integration of around 562 princely states. After independence, he served as the first home minister and deputy prime minister of India Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav.

  • Born: 31 October 1875, Nadia
  • Died: 15 December 1950, Mumbai
  • Full name: Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel
  • Famously Known As Sardar, Iron Man Of India

Jawaharlal Nehru

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14th November 1889. He was the single child of Motilal Nehru and Swarup Rani Nehru. Nehru, under the approval of Gandhi, his mentor, rose to become one of the most dominant figures in Indian politics from the 1930s onwards. Nehru, after much deliberations, accepted the partition proposal for India in 1947 and took oath as the First Prime Minister of India after attaining independence. His birthday on 14 November is widely celebrated in India as Children’s Day Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav.

  • Born: 14 November 1889, Prayagraj
  • Died: 27 May 1964, New Delhi
  • Spouse: Kamala Nehru (m. 1916–1936)
  • Parents: Motilal Nehru
  • Famously Known As: Chacha Nehru, Pandit Nehru

Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on 2nd October 1904 in the state of Uttar Pradesh. He was conferred with the title of Shastri which in English is termed as Scholar. At the age of only sixteen, he left his studies to join the non-cooperation movement at the call of Gandhi.

  • Born: 2 October 1904, Mughalsarai
  • Died: 11 January 1966, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
  • Party: Indian National Congress
  • Famously Known As: Man of Peace

Bhagat Singh

Born in 1907, Bhagat Singh was among the extreme revolutionary Indian freedom fighters. He was involved in a plot in 1928 to assassinate James Scott, a British police superintendent to exact revenge for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai.

  • Born: 28 September 1907, Banga, Pakistan
  • Died: 23 March 1931, Lahore Central Jail, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Education: National College, Lahore, National College of Arts, Dayanand Anglo-Vedic Schools System
  • Famously Known As: Shaheed Bhagat Singh
  • Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav

Dadabhai Naoroji 

Born on 4th September 1825, was a Mathematics and Natural Philosophy professor. He was educated at Elphinstone College in Bombay. His opinion was unfavourable and he felt that the British rule would leave and cause irreparable damage to the Indian economy. In the years 1886, 1893, and 1906, Dadabhai Naoroji had the privilege of presiding over the annual sessions of the Indian National. His popular writings include the article named Poverty and Un-British Rule in India (1901). In this article, he was of the strong belief and opinion that India was taxed at a very high rate and all of India’s wealth was being drained to England.

  • Born: 4 September 1825, Navsari
  • Died: 30 June 1917, Mumbai
  • Organizations founded: Indian National Congress, Zoroastrian Trust Funds of Europe, National Congress, London Indian Society
  • Famously Known As: ’Grand Old Man of India’ and ‘Unofficial Ambassador of India’
  • Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav

Bipin Chandra Pal

Bipin Chandra Pal was a revolutionary born in 1858. He was a significant part of the Indian National Congress and encouraged the abandonment of foreign goods. He formed a trio with Lala Lajpat Rai and Bal Gangadhar Tilak to be known as Lal-Bal-Pal where they executed several revolutionary activities.

  • Born: 7 November 1858, Habiganj District, Bangladesh
  • Died: 20 May 1932, Kolkata
  • Education: St. Paul’s Cathedral Mission College, Presidency University
  • Famously Known As: Father of Revolutionary Thoughts
  • Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav

Lala Lajpat Rai

Famously known as Punjab Kesari, he was one of the extremist members of the Indian National Congress. They formed a trio with Bipin Chandra Pal and Bal Gangadhar Tilak to be known as Lal-Bal-Pal where they executed several revolutionary activities. He led the Punjab Protest against the Jallianwala Incident and Non-Cooperation Movement.

  • Born: 28 January 1865, Dhudike
  • Died: 17 November 1928, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Famously Known As: Punjab Kesari

 Bal Gangadhar Tilak 

Bal Gangadhar Tilak was a remarkable freedom fighter born in 1856. Famously known for his quote, ‘Swaraj is my Birthright.  He published several rebellious newspapers and built schools to defy British Rule. He was the third member of the Lal-Bal-Pal along with Lala Lajpat Rai and Bipin Chandra Pal.

  • Born: 23 July 1856, Chikhali
  • Died: 1 August 1920, Mumbai
  • Famously Known As Lokmanya Tilak

Ashfaqulla Khan 

Born on 22nd October 1900, in the district of Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh, Ashfaqulla Khan grew up with the non-cooperation movement going on at the forefront, led by Mahatma Gandhi. He was one of the main conspirators in the Chauri Chaura incident, which took place in Gorakhpur. He was a strong advocate of independence and wanted the British to leave India at any cost. Ashfaqulla Khan was a popular freedom fighter, known for his true friendship with Bismil, was sentenced to death for the Kakori train robbery. It was popularly known as the Kakori Conspiracy of 1925.

  • Born: 22 October 1900, Shahjahanpur
  • Died: 19 December 1927, Faizabad
  • Organization: Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
  • Famously Known As:Ashfaq Ulla Khan

Nana Sahib

Balajirao Bhat, commonly known as Nana Sahib, was born in Bithoor (Kanpur District), Uttar Pradesh in May 1824. He was the eighth Peshwa of India’s Maratha Empire. Nana Sahib, as king of the Maratha Empire, made significant contributions to the development of Pune. He redesigned the city by constructing new districts, temples, and bridges. Having said that, Sahib was a key contributor to the 1857 revolt, leading a group of enthusiastic rebels. He overran the British soldiers in Kanpur and endangered the British camp by murdering the survivors.

  • Born: 19 May 1824, Bithoor
  • Full name: Dhondu Pant
  • Died: 1859, Naimisha Forest
  • Disappeared: July 1857 in Cawnpore (now Kanpur), British India
  • Famously known as Nana Sahib


Sukhdev, who was born in 1907, was a brave revolutionary and a key member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. He collaborated closely with his colleagues Bhagat Singh and Shivram Rajguru. He was accused of being involved in the assassination of British officer John Saunders. Unfortunately, at the age of 24, he was caught and hanged with Bhagat Singh and Shivaram Rajguru on March 23, 1931, in Punjab’s Hussainwala (now in Pakistan).

  • Born: 15 May 1907, Ludhiana
  • Died: 23 March 1931, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Education: National College of Arts, National College, Lahore
  • Member of: Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA)

Kunwar Singh

Kunwar Singh was born in April 1777 to the Maharaja and Maharani of Jagdispur (now in Bhojpur District, Bihar) to the Maharaja and Maharani of Jagdispur. His name is often lost amid the other more renowned names of the Revolt. He contributed enormously to the First War of Independence. Kunwar Singh led the uprising in Bihar. On July 25, 1857, he gained command of the sepoys stationed at Danapur at the age of nearly 80. Kunwar Singh took over Azamgarh in March 1858.

  • Born: November 1777, Jagdishpur
  • Died: 26 April 1858, Jagdishpur
  • Full name: Babu Veer Kunwar Singh
  • Famously Known as Veer Kunwar Singh

Mangal Pandey

Mangal Pandey, a well-known Indian freedom fighter, is usually recognized as the forerunner of the 1857 revolt against the British, which is regarded as India’s first battle of independence. Pandey and his fellow sepoys rose up in revolt against the British commanders on March 29, 1857, and even attempted to kill them. He was arrested and sentenced to death on April 18. British officials executed him 10 days prematurely on April 8, anticipating a sepoy uprising.

  • Born: 19 July 1827, Nagwa
  • Died: 8 April 1857, Barrackpore
  • Occupation: Sepoy (soldier)
  • Cause of death: Execution by hanging
  • Known for: Indian independence fighter

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was born in 1883 and spent the rest of his life as a dedicated activist and Indian revolutionary. He established the Abhinav Bharat Society and the Free India Society. Swatantryaveer Savarkar was his given name. He penned a piece named ‘The Indian War of Independence,’ which provided wonderful information about the 1857 Indian revolt, as a writer.

  • Born: 28 May 1883, Bhagur
  • Died: 26 February 1966, Mumbai
  • Party: Hindu Mahasabha
  • Education: City Law School (1909), Fergusson College (1902–1905), Wilson College, Mumbai, Mumbai University 

C. Rajagopalachari

The Indian National Congress recognized C Rajagopalachari, born in 1878, as a legislator after he joined in 1906 and rose through the ranks from a lawyer by profession. Rajagopalachari was a towering figure in contemporary Indian politics.

  • Born: 10 December 1878, Thorapalli
  • Died: 25 December 1972, Chennai
  • Education: Presidency college, Bangalore central University (1894), Bangalore University
  • Famously known as CR, Mango of Krishnagiri, Rajaji
  • Awards: Bharat Ratna

Ram Prasad Bismil

“Desh hit paida huye hai

Desh par marr jayenge

Marte marte desh ko

zinda magar kar jayenge”

Ram Prasad Bismil was one of the most notable Indian revolutionaries who fought British colonialism and made it possible for the nation to breathe the air of freedom after eons of struggle against the imperial forces, with a desire for freedom and revolutionary spirit reverberating in every inch of his body and poetry. Bismil, who was born in 1897, was a respected member of the Hindustan Republican Association alongside Sukhdev.

  • Born: 11 June 1897, Shahjahanpur
  • Died: 19 December 1927, Gorakhpur Jail, Gorakhpur
  • Cause of death: Execution by hanging
  • Organization: Hindustan Socialist Republican Association

Chandra Shekhar Azad 

Chandra Shekhar Azad, born in 1906, was a close companion of Bhagat Singh in the independence movement. The Hindustan Republican Association counted them among their members, and they were the bravest and daring Indian freedom fighters against the British authorities.He promised he’d never be caught alive by the British.

  • Born: 23 July 1906, Bhavra
  • Died: 27 February 1931, Chandrashekhar Azad Park
  • Full name: Chandrashekhar Tiwari
  • Education: Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith

Women Indian Freedom Fighters-Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav

Rani Lakshmi Bai

The Queen of Jhansi was born in the year 1828. They were one of the most fierce members of the Revolution of 1857. She inspired many women across the country to fight for the freedom of India and to date inspires several women to fight for their rights. She defended her palace with her newborn child in the year 1858 which was invaded by the British Forces.

  • Born: 19 November 1828, Varanasi
  • Died: 18 June 1858, Gwalior
  • Full name: Manikarnika Tambe
  • Famously Known As: Manu

Begum Hazrat Mahal 

A woman of many roles – a mother, a queen and most importantly, a symbol of resistance. Born to a family with a very weak economic background, her maiden name was Muhammadi Begum. Sold at a very young age to the royal harem as an attendant, Begum Hazrat Mahal got a proper training in etiquettes.

  • Born: 1820, Faizabad
  • Died: 7 April 1879, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Famously Known As:  Begum of Awadh

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