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Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, popularly called Hemu became the Emperor of India, defeating Mughal Emperor Akbar in the Battle of Delhi-1556. Before capturing Delhi, Hem Chandra had won 22 battles against Mughals and Afghan rebels between 1553-56. Belonging to Rewari in Haryana, Hem Chandra was the adviser to the Suri dynasty and initially arranged vital items like Cannons and Gun powder for Sher Shah Suri in the 1530s, and held many positions during Sher Shah’s son Islam Shah and Adil Shah’s regime. Hem Chandra became the Prime Minister and Chief of the Army of Adil Shah Suri in 1553 and fought 22 battles all from Bengal to Punjab winning all of them without a single defeat. He had his formal Coronation or ‘Rajyabhishake’ at Purana Quila in Delhi on 7th Oct. 1556. It was after 350 years of foreign rule that a Hindu could become a king in Delhi.



There is an interesting story behind the name Kala Amb. The Marathas came to North India with a belief in changing Indian polity forever. Like Ibrahim Lodhi, the Marathas were guilty of antagonizing all potential friends and allies as well. There was a clash between the Maratha forces and the Afghan army. The total number of casualties of Marathas was as high as 75,000, including senior commanders and Peshwa’s son. The battlefield was full of dead bodies. The Kala Amb Park on the outskirts of Panipat marks this site today. Incredibly, people come here for a stroll in the peaceful surroundings.

In one corner of the park is a red obelisk. This marks the spot where the Maratha commander Sadashiv Rao Bhau fell in the battle. Legend and local tradition recount that a black mango tree stood at this spot and it was under this tree that Bhau fought his last action. The black mango tree exists no longer, but it has passed on its name to the park, hence the name: Kala Amb.



The core idea behind establishing the Panipat Museum was to spread information and create awareness about the archaeology, history, art, and crafts of Haryana. Here one will have an opportunity to see antiquities, inscriptions, sculptures, arms and armor, pottery, old and valuable documents, jewellery, and art and craft objects, which are on display in the museum. It also provides a rare chance to witness the bravery of valiant and patriotic warriors who sacrificed their lives at the Panipat battle through some write-ups, photographs, and trans-slides.

The museum enlarges photographs of important miniatures as one of its key attractions. These miniatures are from Baburnama and Akbarnama. Various districts of Haryana procure most of the traditional artifacts and other items.



The tomb of Ibrahim Khan Lodhi is situated in a park, maintained by Panipat Municipal Corporation. The tomb is situated near the tehsil office, close to the dargah of Sufi saint Bu Ali Shah. He was defeated and killed during the First Battle of Panipat, fighting against Mughal emperor Babur on 21st April 1526. This grave marks the final resting place of the last Sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodi. It bears no architectural significance, though it commands matchless historical significance.



The then Surveyor General of Archaeology in India erected this obelisk during the British regime. It marks the site of the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761 AD. Here, Sadashiva Rao Bhau, who commanded the Maratha resistance during the battle, is believed to have laid down his life while fighting. A brick pillar with an iron rod on top and an iron fence around it marks the site. The Battles of Panipat Memorial Society has built a beautiful war memorial complex around this obelisk. The Haryana Government constituted this Society in 1981 under the chairmanship of Late Shri G.D. Tapse, the then Governor of Haryana, as a mark of respect to the heroes and the soldiers, who laid down their lives in the three battles of Panipat.

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